Bitcoin On-Chain Transactions Reach New Heights, What’s Fueling the Surge?

Bitcoin On-Chain Transactions Reach New Heights, What’s Fueling the Surge?

The number of daily Bitcoin (BTC) transactions on the blockchain has risen, reaching an all-time high of 682,000 on May 1st. Rafael Schultze-Kraft, one of the founders of Glassnode, has suggested that this increase in transaction volume is likely due to a combination of factors. 

Bitcoin Transactions Skyrocket

Rafael argues that one key driver is the growing adoption of Bitcoin by institutional investors and large corporations. As more companies begin to hold Bitcoin on their balance sheets and offer it as a payment option, the demand for Bitcoin transactions has more potential to increase.

Another factor contributing to the rise in Bitcoin transactions is the growing popularity of decentralized finance (DeFi) applications. These applications, built on top of blockchains like Ethereum and Bitcoin, allow users to borrow, lend, and trade cryptocurrencies in a decentralized manner. 

Furthermore,  Schultze-Kraft notes that the recent surge in Bitcoin transactions could be a sign of increased interest and activity in the cryptocurrency space more broadly. As more people become aware of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.


In addition, according to Schultze-Kraft, the current surge in transaction counts is noteworthy because it is more than double the baseline established in 2022, which had been relatively stable at around 250,000 transactions per day, as seen in the chart above. 

A notable increase in the use of Taproot transactions has accompanied the recent surge. According to data from Glassnode, Taproot transactions accounted for 37.5% of spent outputs on April 30th, and on May 1st, a record-breaking 60% of all Bitcoin transactions used Taproot.


So, what is Taproot, and why is its adoption increasing? Taproot is a proposed upgrade to the Bitcoin network designed to improve privacy and efficiency. It achieves this by combining multiple BTC script paths into a single output that can be spent using a single signature. This makes transactions smaller and cheaper, which can help to reduce congestion on the network and lower fees.

 Taproot was first proposed in 2018, but it has taken some time for the Bitcoin community to reach a consensus on its implementation. However, with the recent activation of Taproot looking increasingly likely, more users and businesses are starting to adopt the technology.

Furthermore, the recent surge in Taproot transactions in the Bitcoin network can be attributed to the heavy increase in text inscriptions, according to Rafael Schultze-Kraft. More than 50% of all transactions on the Bitcoin network have been associated with text inscriptions.

When separating transactions related to text inscriptions from all other Bitcoin transactions, it becomes clear that they are the sole driver for the recent increase in BTC activity, surpassing the total number of all other transactions for a brief time.


The data from Glassnode shows that text inscriptions are far more popular than others on the Bitcoin network, including images, videos, and audio. While there are some uses for these other types of inscriptions, such as embedding a digital signature or proof of ownership, text inscriptions seem the most versatile and widely used.

As the Bitcoin network continues to evolve and adapt to changing user needs, there will likely be more innovations and upgrades that will further enhance its functionality and usability. Whether through text inscriptions or other technologies, it is clear that BTC is becoming more than just a financial instrument but also a powerful tool for communication and expression.

Featured image from Unsplash, chart from

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